Even when cell phones and the internet go down, Ham Radio will still operate normally. They allow you to communicate with people across the street, on the other side of the city, around the world, and even with people and satellites in space. All you need is a battery, a radio, and a wire – and you’ve got the means to communicate with the outside world.
For these reasons, the Military Auxiliary Radio System (MARS) and the Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES), along with most other emergency response systems, use the Ham Radio system. It can also allow you to reach the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) so that you can tune into what is happening in your area. The good news is that anyone (except a representative of a foreign government) can become a Ham Radio operator – you just need to get licensed. Here’s how.
Before you start buying a Ham Radio and operating on the air, you’ll need to get licensed and know the rules so that you can operate legally. United States licenses are good for 10 years before you’ll have to renew. There are 3 license classes, they are:
This license class in the entry-level license that most new ham radio operators choose to start with. In order to earn this license you must pass 1 exam totaling 35 questions on radio theory, regulations, and operating practices. This license gives you access to all Amateur Radio frequencies above 30 megahertz – which would give the operator the ability to communicate locally and most often within North America. It also allows for some limited privileges on the HF (also called “short wave”) bands used for international communications.